The sentiment around Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a mixture of excitement, concern, and curiosity. There is general excitement about the potential of AI to transform various aspects of our lives and multiple sectors of the economy.
Many tech enthusiasts, developers, and forward-thinking businesses are eager to adopt and advance AI technologies to streamline processes, augment human capabilities, and develop innovative solutions to complex problems. The pace of AI development is fast, with regular breakthroughs in areas like natural language processing, computer vision, and machine learning that create optimism about future possibilities.
Let us take some time to understand the basics and find our footing.
What are AI and AGI?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) are two important concepts in the field of machine learning, but they have distinct characteristics and goals.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to machines or software that exhibit capabilities that we associate with human intelligence. This can include anything from a chess-playing computer to a voice-activated assistant like Siri or Alexa. Most AI systems today are classified as Narrow AI or Weak AI, which means they're designed and trained for a specific task, like recognizing speech or recommending products to online shoppers.
On the other hand, Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is a subset of AI that has the ability to understand, learn, and apply its intelligence across a broad range of tasks at a level equal to or beyond a human being. AGI can solve unfamiliar problems, understand complex concepts, and transfer knowledge from one domain to another.
What are Supervised and Unsupervised learning Algorithms?
Supervised and unsupervised learning are two core types of machine learning algorithms. They differ in their approach to learning from data.
Supervised Learning: This type of algorithm uses labelled data to learn a function that can be applied to new, unseen data. In simpler terms, supervised learning is when you provide the model with both the input data and the correct output. The "teacher" guides the model towards the correct prediction during the learning process. Examples of supervised learning include classification tasks (e.g., distinguishing between images of cats and dogs) and regression tasks (e.g., predicting housing prices based on different features).
Unsupervised Learning: This type of algorithm, on the other hand, deals with unlabeled data. It aims to model the underlying structure or distribution of the data to learn more about it. There's no "right answer" that the model is guided towards. Instead, the model has to identify patterns and relationships within the data itself. Examples of unsupervised learning include clustering (e.g., grouping customers into different categories based on their behaviour) and dimensionality reduction (e.g., reducing the number of random variables under consideration).
In essence, supervised learning is about predicting or classifying data based on past examples, while unsupervised learning is about finding hidden patterns or intrinsic structures within the data.